Stakeholder Derisking in Afghanistan: Engaging Financial Exclusion of Humanitarian Ai

This paper will encompass findings on conflict’s role in exacerbating degradation within Afghanistan. Analysis will draw on existing literature existing datasets (see ICIMOD’s SERVIR project and World Bank Climate Portal) to ascertain conflict’s past and potential future role in driving environmental degradation. This analysis will be leveraged to derive analysis and identify impactful opportunities for Afghanaid to implement conflict dynamics into its operations. Through this, they can optimize their mastery in disaster risk reduction and bolstering regional resilience through more efficient policy and greater procurement of funding.

Context of Conflict in Afghanistan and Environmental Degradation within Afghanistan:
– Brief synopsis of conflict’s presence in Afghanistan’s history
– Summary of regional trends focusing on various environmental sectors ( within the Northern and Panj-Amu river basins and the shifts in stability within these areas
– Do both of the points above using relevant literature and available data (initial list of sources provided below)

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Concise Consolidation and In-Depth Analysis of Literature and Relevant Supplementary Data Focusing on Conflict’s Role in Environmental Degradation and Resilience in Afghanistan:
– Understanding of Conflicts Responsibility for Environmental Degradation
– Anticipating Likely Scenarios and Necessary Adaptations Focused on Environment Degradation and Resilience for Future Shifts in Conflict (ex. Taliban, Rival Tribes, Afghanistan vs. Geographical neighbors)

Compounded Risks:
– Recent and Present links between climate change, fragility and security (including conflict’s drain on available bandwidth towards climate change)
– Analysis on the dynamic nature of these links’ roots in environmental degradation
– Analysis of climate change’s effect on conflict
– Anatomize the Socio-ecological Trap that has Inhibited Afghanistan’s Development and Resilience Capacity

Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations:
– Overview of the lack of trust and cooperation, its stagnation implications for policy and operations, and key to sustainable community-based growth in resilience from the inside out
– Next steps for capturing environmental opportunities for development

Bibliography

Aich, Valentin, Noor Ahmad Akhundzadah, Alec Knuerr, Ahmad Jamshed Khoshbeen , Fred Hattermann, Heiko Paeth, Andrew Scanlon, and Eva Nora Paton. “Climate Change in Afghanistan Deduced from Reanalysis and Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX)—South Asia Simulations.” CORDEX, 2017. https://doi.org/https://www.mdpi.com/2225-1154/5/2/38.

AMCDRR, Ecosystems-Based Disaster Risk Reduction: Scaling Up Ecosystem Based Disaster Risk Reduction in Development Planning and Practice in Asia, November 2016.

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FEBA (Friends of Ecosystem-based Adaptation). (2017). Making Ecosystem-based Adaptation Effective: A Framework for Defining Qualification Criteria and Quality Standards (FEBA technical paper developed for UNFCCC-SBSTA 46). Bertram, M., Barrow, E., Blackwood, K., Rizvi, A.R., Reid, H., and von Scheliha-Dawid, S. (authors). GIZ, Bonn, Germany, IIED, London, UK, and IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 14 pp.

NEPA & UNEP. (2015). Climate Change and Governance in Afghanistan. Kabul: National Environmental Protection Agency and United Nations Environment Programme.
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Klein, Julia, et al, “An integrated community and ecosystem-based approach to disaster risk reduction in mountain systems,” Environmental Science and Policy 94 (2017): 143–152, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.12.034.

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Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Mohd Malikyar, Ghulam, The Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan § (n.d.).

Monty, F., Murti, R. and Furuta, N. Helping nature help us: Transforming disaster risk reduction through ecosystem management. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. vi + 82 pp.

Murti, R. and Buyck, C. (ed.) (2014). Safe Havens: Protected Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. xii + 168 pp.

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Nehren, U., Sudmeier-Rieux, K., Sandholz, S., Estrella, M., Lomarda, M. and T. Guillén. 2014. The Ecosystem-Based DisasterRisk Reduction Case Study and Exercise Source Book, Geneva and Cologne: Partnership for Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction and Center for Natural Resources and Development.

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