Online Content Analysis (the culture of body management in sociology)

Online Content Analysis

Personally, I am interested in topics related with plastic surgery in Asia and Western Countries. Such as the body on display course content:

Body on Display (Skin Whitening & Cosmetic Surgery)

Ø Li, E. et al. (2008). Skin Lightening and Beauty in Four Asian Cultures. Advances in Consumer Research, 35, 444-449.
Ø Lewis, K.M., Robkin, N., Gaska, K., Njoki, L.C. (2011). Investing Motivations for Women’s Skin Bleaching in Tanaania. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35(1), 29-37.
Ø Holliday, R., & Elfving-Hwang, J. (2012). Gender, Globalization and Aesthetic Surgery in South Korea. Body and Society, 18(2), 58-81.

I have also attached the summary of above example articles for you to look at. But you cannot use the sources that already existing in the course content, it’s just an example.

You can also use other topics as long as the paper is following the instructions below.

Also, it is really important to check the sample paper provided by the instructor which is attached on the files.

Based on your personal interest, you are asked to develop an online study with regards to the course theme on the culture of body management. The requirements are:

Ø First, develop a research question that deserves a public attention. You must justify the social importance of your research question: Which population is involved? From what social or cultural context does the focal issue emerge? How does the focal issue become a public issue? What is the relevance of the focal issue to our everyday life? (1-2 pages)

Ø Second, you will define all the concepts you select to explore the focal issue related to the culture of body management. By doing so, you will outline a sophisticated conceptual or theoretical framework that helps to analyze the focal issue. (2 pages)

Ø Third, you will collect relevant online empirical data, such as official statistics, public documents, narratives and pictures and images, and conduct in-depth sociological analysis to generate your knowledge of the focal issue. (3-4 pages)

Ø Fourth, you will conclude your paper by highlighting the key issues and suggesting future research to improve your understanding of the chosen topic (1-2 pages)

Note: The maximum length of this paper is 10 pages (double-spaced, 12-inch font)


This is a fourth-year undergraduate Sociology course, about the culture of body management.


Course Description:

The main objective of this course is to reveal our human bodies as sociological inquiries through the lens of culture. It intends to show students how much culture matters relative to other variables in studying various examples of body management in different regions of the world. In this topic, Body management can be defined as a set of social practices, strategies or interventions on human bodies in order to obtain a specific cultural ideal prescribed by the dominant ideology in a given society. Body can also be used as a vehicle for making personal profits. Foucault’s idea of bio-politics, in particular, will be used to study nuances in production, consumption and interpretation of body management across cultures.


In this course, students will learn to appreciate different cultures by examining the way people manage and monitor their own or others’ body over the life course. The body will be addressed not as a physical entity, but as a bio-socio-political manifestation in different cultures. Through selected case studies, students will realize that body encompasses various forms of social significance, such as age discrimination, gendered power relations, transsexuality, skin color stratification, prevalence of cosmetic surgery, commercialization of surrogacy, etc.


Course Learning Objectives

• Articulate the ways in which debates concerning the body are important sociological concerns.

• Demonstrate how social, cultural and historical factors affect ideas of the body.

• Evaluate and explicate how notions of the body influence ideas of subjectivity.

• Apply theoretical concepts related to the body to issues of everyday life.

• Examine the diverse ways in which bodies matter to critical, social thought.



Course outline (all articles can be found on the internet, if you cannot find it, message me and I’ll upload the document you need):


The Body in Society: Theoretical Discussion

Ø Howson, A. (2012). “The Body in Everyday Life, pp. 16-49.
Ø Brown, N., & Gershon, S.A. (2017). Body Politics. Politics, Groups, and Identities, 50(1), 1-3.

3. The Aging Body

Ø Katz, S. Cultural Aging. Chapter 7: Busy Bodies: Activity, Aging, and the Management of Every Life (pp. 121-139).
Ø Vincent, J.A. (2006). Ageing Contested: Anti-ageing Science and the Cultural Construction of Old Age. Sociology, 40(4), 681-698.

4. The Gendered Body: Bodies of Female Sex Workers

Ø Kong, T.S.K. (2006). What It Feels Like for a Whore: The Body Politics of Women Performing Erotic Labour in Hong Kong. Gender, Work and Organization, 13(5), 409- 434.
Ø Choudhury, S.M. (2010). ‘As Prostitutes, We Control Our Bodies’: Perceptions of Health and Body in the Lives of Establishment-based Female Sex Workers in Tijuana Mexico. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 12(6), 677-689.

5. The Gendered Body: Managing Males’ Body

Ø Monahan, Lee. (2002). “Hard Men, Shop Boys and Others: Embodying Competence in a Masculinist Occupation.” The Sociological Review, 50(3): 334-355.

6. Sexuality and Body Management

Ø Marshall, B.L., & Katz, S. (2002). Forever Functional: Sexual Fitness and the Ageing Male Body. Body & Society, 8(4), 43-70.

Ø Tiefer, L. (2006). Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Case Study of Disease Mongering and Activist Resistance. PLoS Medicine, 3(4), e178.

7. The Racialized Body

Ø King, C. (2004). Race and Cultural Identity: Playing the Race Game inside Football. Leisure Studies, 23(1), 19-30.
Ø Guzman, I.M., & Valdivia, A.N. (2004). Brain, Brow, and Booty: Latina Iconicity in U.S. Popular Culture.” Communications Review, 7:205-221.

Ø Alexander, S.M. (2003). Stylish Hard Bodies: Branded Masculinity in Men’s Health


Magazine. Sociological Perspectives, 46(4), 535-554.


8. The Docile and Disciplined Body

Ø Lin, C-Y. (2012). Working Bodies, Performed Bodies: Marriage Migrant Women’s Bodily Works. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences, 4(4), 822- 851.
Ø Yeoh, B.S.A., & Huang, S. (2010). Transnational Domestic Workers and the Negotiation of Mobility and Work Practices in Singapore’s Home-Spaces. Mobilities, 5(2), 219-236.

9. The Disabled Body

Ø McLaughlin, J. (2016). The Medical Reshaping of Disabled Bodies as a response to Stigma and a Route to Normality. Journal of Medical Humanities, 43(4), 244- 250.
Ø McLaughlin, J., & Coleman-Fountain, E. (2014). The Unfinished Body: The Medical and Social Reshaping of Disabled Young Bodies. Social Science & Medicine, 120, 76-84.

10. Body on Display (Skin Whitening & Cosmetic Surgery)

Ø Li, E. et al. (2008). Skin Lightening and Beauty in Four Asian Cultures. Advances in Consumer Research, 35, 444-449.
Ø Lewis, K.M., Robkin, N., Gaska, K., Njoki, L.C. (2011). Investing Motivations for Women’s Skin Bleaching in Tanaania. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35(1), 29-37.
Ø Holliday, R., & Elfving-Hwang, J. (2012). Gender, Globalization and Aesthetic Surgery in South Korea. Body and Society, 18(2), 58-81.

11. Trans-sexuality and Body Work

Ø Dozier, R. (2005). Beards, Breasts, and Bodies: Doing Sex in a Gendered World. Gender and Society, 19(3), 297-316.
Ø Bishop, K. (2016). Body Modification and Trans Men: The Lived Realities of Gender Transition and Partner Intimacy. Body & Society, 22(1), 62-91.

12. Body of Surrogate Mothers

Ø Teman, E. (2009). Embodying Surrogate Motherhood: Pregnancy as a Dyadic Body- project. Body & Society,15(3), 47-69.
Ø Reddy, S., & Patel, T. (2015). “There are Many Eggs in My Body”: Medical Markets and Commodified Bodies in India. Global Bioethics, 26(3-4), 218-231.

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